Parenting with Love and Limits Research Effectiveness

Citing the effectiveness of PLL

PLL is what is known as an evidence-based model. This means that we have research outcomes to reduce your child’s problems effectively. Other treatments in traditional counseling do not always have that track record.

The following links below direct you to PLL outcomes cited in both scientific journals and articles that outline the effectiveness of the PLL model:

Journal of Juvenile Justice

Family-Focused Juvenile Reentry Services: A Quasi-Experimental Design Evaluation of Recidivism Outcomes.

OJJDP Journal of Juvenile Justice. V2, N2, 1-22.

Winokur-Early, K., Chapman, S., & Hand, G. (2013).


Download a PDF summary.

Champaign County Final Report Case Study

Study sample includes 155 youth who either graduated from or dropped out of Parenting with Love and Limits (PLL) between April 2009 and December 2011, and could be matched to juvenile justice records.

Kiaer, L. (March 2013)
Portland, ME: Hornby Zeller Associates

Download a PDF summary.

Stopping the Madness: A New Reentry System for Juvenile Corrections.

Reentry programs are reintegrative services that prepare juveniles in correctional facilities for transition back into their community. Ideally, reentry starts after sentencing, continues through incarceration, and into discharge back within the community, which is commonly called “aftercare.” The primary goals are for the juvenile to live a crime-free life with increased skills and a changed family to become a productive, crime-free citizen.

Sells, Scott, Sullivan, Irene, & DeVore, Donald (2012).
Corrections Today, April/May 2012, 40-45.

Download a PDF summary.